Arbeitsblatt: past simple


grammar sheet NI2 U3 & exercises
7. Schuljahr
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Grammar Unit 3.1&3.2 Past simple The past simple stands for actions or states that took place in the past and are complete. There is no connection to the present. enjoyed her party. He met Carol yesterday evening. They went to France last summer. Keywords like yesterday, one month ago, last month/year/summer, in 2010 etc. indicate the use of the past simple. How to form the past simple: Affirmative Most verbs add ed: start destroy started destroyed Verbs ending in add d: escape die escaped died Verbs ending in short, stressed vowel consonant, double final consonant and add ed: admit clap admitted clapped Verbs ending in consonant y change the to and add ed: carry marry carried married Verbs ending in always double the in British English (not American English) and add ed: travel travelled 1 Grammar Unit 3.1&3.2 Negative subject didnt The fire didnt infinitive without to cross rest the river. Question Did What did How did Did Did subject you they you they infinitive without to do cross have see rest the river? fun? play? Fill in the tabel with the past simple forms of the verb to start: negative question short answer (/-) affirmativ started didnt start Did start? you started didnt start Did you start? he/she/ it started didnt start Did he/she/it start? we started didnt start Did we start? you started didnt start Did you start? they started didnt start Did they start? Yes, did. No, didnt. Yes, you did. No, you didnt Yes, he/she/it did. No, he/she/it didnt Yes, we did. No, we didnt Yes, we did. No, we didnt. Yes, we did. No, we didnt. Rewrite the sentences in the past simple: He answers the question. He answered the question. You ask question. You asked question. The dog barks. The dog barked. They call us. They called us. We climb mountain. We climed mountain. John collects stamps. John collected stamps. 2 Grammar Unit 3.1&3.2 Irregular verbs There are some verbs that are irregular in the affirmative form of the past simple. They have to be memorized. They form the negative form and question in the same way as regular verbs. Exeption: be I you he/she/ was were was wasnt werent wasnt short answer short answer Was I? Were you? () Yes, was. Yes, you (-) No, wasnt. No, you Was he? were. Yes, he was. werent No, he it we were werent Were we? Yes, we wasnt. No, we you were werent Were you? were. Yes, you werent. No, you Were were. Yes, they werent. No, they they? were. werent. they were werent The negative form is formed with the past simple form of be: The fire wasnt near his house. There werent many buildings left. In questions the subject comes after was/were: Was Alexey asleep all morning? Were they exhausted? 3 Grammar Unit 3.1&3.2 Practice Was or Were? Complete the sentences with was or were. 1. was happy. 2. You were angry. 3. She was in London last week. 4. He was on holiday. 5. It was cold. 6. You were at the cinema. 7. We were at school. 8. They were at home. 9. The cat was on the roof. 10. The children were in the garden. Positive sentences Write positive sentences in simple past. 1. He/the question/answer He answered the question. 2. You/a question/ask You asked question. 3. The dog/bark The dog barked. 4. They/us/call They called us. 5. We/a mountain/climb We climbed mountain. 6. John/stamps/collect John collected stamps. 7. We/in London/live We lived in London. 8. I/hungry/be was hungry. 9. They/a hamster/have They had hamster. 10. He/to school/go He went to school. 4 Grammar Unit 3.1&3.2 Negative sentences Rewrite the sentences in the negative. 1. They collected postcards. They didnt collect postcards. 2. You jumped high. You didnt jump high. 3. Albert played squash. Albert didnt play squash. 4. The teacher tested our English. The teacher didnt test our English. 5. Fiona visited her grandma. Fiona didnt visit her grandma. 6. He washed the car. He didnt wash the car. 7. You were thirsty. You werent thirsty. 8. He had computer. He didnt have computer 9. bought bread. didnt buy bread. 10. You saw the house. You didnt see the house. 5 Grammar Unit 3.1&3.2 Questions Write questions in simple past. 1. Anna/the window/open Did Anna open the window? 2. She/home/walk Did she walk home? 3. You/in the garden/work Did you work in the garden? 4. You/a song/sing Did you sing song? 5. She/on chair/sit Did she sit on chiar? 6. You/the castle/visit Did you visit the castle? 7. Jenny/the door/lock Did Jenny lock the door? 8. She/happy/be Was she happy? 9. Greg/the ball/kick Did Greg kick the ball? 10. The car/at the corner/stop Did the car stop at the corner? Mixed. Put the verbs into the correct form (simple past). 1. Last year (spend) spent my holiday in Ireland. 2. It (be) was great. 3. (travel) travelled around by car with two friends and we (visit) visited lots of interesting places. 4. In the evenings we usually (go) went to pub. 5. One night we even (learn) learnt some Irish dances. 6. We (be) were very lucky with the weather. 7. It (not/rain) didnt rain lot. 8. But we (see) saw some beautiful rainbows. 9. Where (spend/you) did you send your last holiday? 10. Martin got (get) up very early because he felt (feel) sick. 11. They parked (park) the car at the airport. 12. They travelled (travel) to Brighton by train. 13. She saw (see) her grandmother. 14. There were (be) lot of people on the beach. 15. My grandmother made (make) pot of tea. 16. He sat (sit) next to the window on the plane. 17. You read (read) magazine. 18. He ate (eat) small breakfast and drank (drink) coffee. 6